KINZER
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18.1.1857 Jägerndorf/A - 10.10.1916 Wien/A
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Karl Kinzer obtained a degree in engineering from the Technical University of Vienna. After having been an assistant for five years, he undertook a study tour to England in 1885 and upon returning two years later, he entered the Public Works Department of Vienna. He was appointed Baurat in 1906 and was promoted to Oberbaurat in 1910.
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Kinzer's name is related to the design and execution of the second Wiener Hochquellenleitung, the key water supply for the capital. The latter is a relatively dry region, and with only 5 liters of water available for the population in the mid 1850s. When the city's population increased in the early industrial era, additional drinking water was thus urgently needed. The first supply line of 90 km length was built in only three years connecting Kaiserbrunn in Southeastern Austria to Vienna. The population thus was supplied again with good and enough water in 1873. However, this first supply was insufficient for the rapidly growing population. Kinzer was thus faced with prospecting spring water in even larger quantities and its transport over a distance of 200 km. Over 10,000 workers were occupied until the work was inaugurated in 1910. Kinzer even added smaller hydropower schemes to exploit the available hydraulic energy. These works brought him recognition from the Austrian Emperor who awarded him with the Golden Cross of Merit in 1911. As an expert in water supply, Kinzer was invited by the Greek government to present a design basis for Athens. He was awarded by the Greek King with the Cross of Commander of the Greek Order of Redeemer.
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Anonymous (1916). Dr.-Ing. Karl Kinzer in Wien. Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung 36: 588. Anonymous (1916). Oberbaurat Dr. Karl Kinzer. Österreichische Wochenschrift für den Öffentlichen Baudienst 22(43): 632-633.
Drennig, A. (1973). Die II. Wiener Hochwasserquellenwasserleitung. Festschrift herausgegeben vom Magistrat der Stadt Wien aus Anlass der 100-Jahrfeier. Jugend und Volk: Wien.
Kinzer, K. (1897). Wassereichungen und Überfallmessungen. Zeitschrift des Österreichischen Ingenieurund Architekten-Vereines 49(38): 544-547.
Paul, M. (1916). Oberbaurat Dipl. Ing. Dr. Karl Kinzer. Zeitschrift des Österreichischen Ingenieurund Architekten-Vereines 68(46): 878-879. P
Swetz, A. (1914). Die zweite Kaiser Franz-Josef Hochquellenleitung der Stadt Wien. Journal für Gasbeleuchtung und Wasserversorgung 57(21): 486-496; 57(22): 518-523.
Tillmann, R. (1935). Karl Kinzer. Festschrift herausgegeben anlässlich der Hundertjahrfeier des Wiener Stadtbauamtes: 60. Verlag für Jugend und Volk: Wien.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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