ESCOFFIER


ESCOFFIER
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19.3.1908 /F - 16.6.1995 Mobile/USA
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Francis Escoffier attended the Arts and Science School of Loyola University, New Orleans, yet without a graduation. He was employed by the US Army Corps of Engineers in 1929 to attain the professional level in 1937. From 1940 to 1943 he served on the staff of the beach erosion department, then he continued as a hydraulic engineer in the Mobile District of the Corps and headed from 1953 until retirement in 1965 its hydraulic section. He was decorated in 1965 with a colleague the Karl Emil Hilgard Award of the American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE. From 1966 to 1975, Escoffier was a consultant in coastal engineering.
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Escoffier is known for a number of flood control, beach erosion and other hydraulic projects. In hydraulics his works include backwater curves in open channels, for which the American Chow had presented a generalized solution in the early 1950s and where Escoffier described a graphical approach. The 1958 paper generalizes previous findings on local widening or contracting channel reaches. However, backwater effects are small for these short transition reaches,. The real master paper of Escoffier relates to roll waves. These waves occur in weakly supercritical open channel flow provided two criteria are satisfied, namely the Vedernikov number as introduced by Valentin Valentinovich Vedernikov (1904-1980) is larger than one, and the chute has a certain length as determined with the Montuori number. Escoffier and Boyd generalized the Vedernikov criterion for circular conduits and thus allowed for a stability analysis of sewer flows to inhibit periodic surface wave generation.
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Anonymous (1960). Task Committee on channel stabilization. Civil Engineering 30(12): 78. P
Anonymous (1962). Francis F. Escoffier. Civil Engineering 32(10): 26. P
Anonymous (1965). Karl Emil Hilgard Hydraulic Prize. Civil Engineering 35(10): 93. P
Davis, G. (1985). Escoffier, Francis F. Who's who in engineering 6: 186. American Association of Engineering Societies: Washington.
Escoffier, F.F. (1956). Graphical determination of water-surface profiles. Journal of the Hydraulics Division ASCE 82(HY6) Paper 1114: 1-13.
Escoffier, F.F. (1958). Transition profiles in nonuniform channels. Trans. ASCE 123: 43-65. Escoffier, F.F., Boyd, M.B. (1962). Stability aspects of flow in open channels. Journal of the Hydraulics Division ASCE 88(HY6): 145-166; 89(HY4): 259-273; 90(HY1): 261-263;
90(HY4): 219.
Horst, T.A., Jr. (2004). Francis Fernand Escoffier. Personal communication.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • escoffier — ⇒ESCOFFIER, verbe trans. Vulg., arg. A. ,,Voler (ESN. 1966). Songe que je m en remets à toi qui es « fine comme l ambre » pour l escoffier au profit du susdit frère (BALZAC, Corresp., 1819, p. 49). B. ,,Tuer (ESN. 1966). As tu remarqué la gueule… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Escoffier —   [ɛskɔ fje], Georges Auguste, französischer Küchenmeister, * Villeneuve Loubet (Département Alpes Maritimes) 28. 10. 1846, ✝ Monte Carlo 12. 2. 1935; gilt als der Schöpfer der feinen modernen Kochkunst; er war auch bedeutend als… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Escoffier — Le nom désigne en ancien français un tanneur, un marchand de cuir (escohier). On le trouve surtout dans la Loire, la Haute Loire et le Vaucluse. Variantes : Escofier, Escofié, Escoufier, Escouffier. Diminutifs : Escoffet, Escouffet …   Noms de famille

  • escoffier — Escoffier, en Savoye, id est, cordouannier …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Escoffier — [es kō̂ fyā′] Auguste [ō̂ güst′] 1847 1935; Fr. chef & writer on cooking …   English World dictionary

  • Escoffier — Auguste Escoffier Georges Auguste Escoffier (* 28. Oktober 1846 in Villeneuve Loubet; † 12. Februar 1935 in Monte Carlo) war ein französischer Meisterkoch, der durch seine Publikation Guide Culinaire Weltruhm erlangte. Er adaptierte Spezialitäten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Escoffier —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Escoffier est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Auguste Escoffier (1846 1935), cuisinier français ; Léon Escoffier (1877… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Escoffier — Recorded in a number of spellings including: Escofier, Escoffier, d Escoffier, Escoffrey and Escoffrie, this is a surname of French origins. It is occupational, from the region known as Provencal, and derives from the verb escofia meaning to… …   Surnames reference

  • ESCOFFIER — v. tr. Tuer. Il est trivial …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • Escoffier — /es kaw fyay /, n. Georges Auguste /zhawrddzh oh gyuust /, 1846 1935, French chef and author of cookbooks. * * * …   Universalium


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