LÉVY-SALVADOR


LÉVY-SALVADOR
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8.4.1855 Paris/F - 20.9.1928 Paris/F
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Paul Lévy-Salvador graduated as an agricultural engineer and then became an engineer of civil constructions. He joined around 1900 the Ministry of Agriculture in Paris and there summarized works mainly in agricultural and hydraulic engineering. He was also involved in the School of Public Works in Paris, yet his biography is largely unknown.
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Lévy-Salvador presented two noteworthy papers in 1908, one during the 11th Navigation Congress, the other in a typical engineering journal of the time. A map of the French Alpine region indicates dozens of gauging stations available at that time, which formed a basis for the definition of the economic value of future hydropower plants. Lévy-Salvador introduced several of the methods then applied for accurate discharge measurement. He also stated that calibration stations were not available for a long time in France, such that propellers had to be calibrated at the Swiss Federal hydrographic station in Papiermühle close to Berne. Once the hydropower industry had been developed around the city of Grenoble, the Savoy region of France had a rapid development of its hydropower resources. The three volumes Hydraulique agricole were originally published in 1896 and re-edited in 1928. The following chapters make up this noteworthy book: (1) Non-navigable and non-floatable watercourses, (2) On irrigation, and (3) Land improvement and drainage, colmatage and polders. This chapter also includes a short review on the usage of waste water in agriculture.
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Anonymous (2006). Paul Octave Lévy-Salvador. Etat-civil, 9e Arrodissement: Paris.
Lévy-Salvador, P. (1908). Des canaux mixtes pouvant servir à la fois à la navigation et à l'agriculture. 11 Congrès de Navigation St. Petersburg S1(R4).
Lévy-Salvador, P. (1908). Etude des grandes forces hydrauliques de la région des Alpes. Le Génie Civil 52(12): 200-202; 52(13): 209-214.
Lévy-Salvador, P. (1919). Le rôle de l'utilisation des chutes d'eau dans l'extension de l'activité industrielle et agricole. Dunod: Paris.
Lévy-Salvador, P., Milandre, X. (1925). Notions sur le jaugeage des cours d'eau et sur les moteurs. Eyrolles: Paris.
Lévy-Salvador, P. (1928). Hydraulique agricole. Dunod: Paris.
Lévy-Salvador, P., Prudon, L. (1930). Travaux maritimes. Dunod: Paris.
Lévy-Salvador, P., Cauvin, M. (1934). Cours de distribution d'eau et égouts. Ecole Spéciale des Travaux Publics: Paris.
Vannier, D. (2005). Lévy-Salvador. Personal communication. Ministère de l'Agriculture: Paris.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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