4.10.1839 Le Havre/F - 11.12.1906 Le Havre/F
Jacques-Augustin Normand never made academic studies, but he was in the seventh generation of a family of naval designers. When Normand's father Augustin had passed away in 1871, Jacques-Augustin and his brother had to take over a large firm. Whereas the latter contributed mainly to naval machinery, Jacques-Augustin was the real designer. In total he completed more than 50 ships, some of which are remembered still today. Besides these activities, Normand took interest in sciences in general, and was appointed Corresponding Member of Académie des Sciences, Paris; he was a vicepresident of Association Technique Maritime, and a Member of Société des Ingénieurs Civils de France, of the Institution of Naval Architects and of Schiffbautechnische Gesellschaft. He was elected Officer of Légion d'Honneur in 1891. A monument for Normand was erected in Le Havre in 1908.
Normand's contributions to naval engineering are in hull design and in the development of propellers. He thus was particularly interested in fast boats of medium tonnage. In the 1870s, such boats had a maximum speed of some 20 knots, which was continuously increased to some 32 knots around 1900. Torpedo-boats were a specialty of Normand's shipyard of which the largest were larger than 300 tons water displacement. Following these successes, the French government was of course interested in these designs for its fleet. Other nations such as Russia and Japan followed to incorporate excellent designs in their navy. It was stated that the success of Normand's boats was not only in their excellent hydrodynamics but also in the general development of all other important components, such as the propulsion, the propellers and the boiler systems.
Alphandéry, M.-F. (1962). Normand, Augustin. Dictionnaire des inventeurs français: 252-253.
Seghers: Paris.
Anonymous (1907). Jacques A. Normand. Minutes Institution of Civil Engineers 169: 391-392. Anonymous (1908). Augustin Normand. Jahrbuch Schiffbautechnische Gesellschaft 9: 74-76. Normand, J.A. (1864). Application de l'algèbre aux calculs des bâtiments de mer. Bertrand: Paris. Normand, J.A. (1870). Formules approximatives de construction navale. Bertrand: Paris. Normand, J.A. (1885). Etude sur les torpilleurs. Gauthier-Villars: Paris.
Normand, J.A. (1900). Notre puissance navale. Berger-Levrault: Paris.
Payen, J. (1975). Normand, Jacques-Augustin. Scienziati e tecnologi 2: 454-455. Mondardori: Milano.
Piaud, L. (1907). Jacques-Augustin Normand. Le Génie Civil 50(12): 179-180. P

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • normand — normand, ande [ nɔrmɑ̃, ɑ̃d ] n. et adj. • XIIe; forme latinisée nortmannus XIe; frq. °nortman « homme du Nord » 1 ♦ Hist. Les Normands : envahisseurs scandinaves (Norvégiens et Danois) qui effectuèrent de nombreux raids en France et en Europe au …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • normand — normand, ande (nor man, man d ) adj. 1°   Qui est de Normandie, province occidentale de la France. Les populations normandes. Cheval normand. •   Certain renard gascon, d autres disent normand, Mourant presque de faim, vit au haut d une treille… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Normand — is a surname, and may refer to: Ernest Normand Gilbert Normand Louis Philippe Normand Mabel Normand Wilfrid Normand, Baron Normand See also Norman (disambiguation) Normandy …   Wikipedia

  • normand — NORMÁND, Ă, normanzi, de, s.m. şi f., adj. 1. s.m. şi f. (La m. pl.) Nume sub care erau cunoscute neamurile germanice care locuiau în Peninsula Scandinavă, Irlanda şi în insulele vecine; vikingi, varegi; (şi la sg.) persoană care făcea parte din… …   Dicționar Român

  • Normand — steht für Mabel Normand, (1892–1930), US Stummfilmschauspielerin. Normannische Sprache, französ. Eigenbezeichnung Siehe auch Duo Normand Lenormand Diese Seite ist ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Normand — Originaire de Normandie, ou appartenant au peuple normand. C est dans le Nord Pas de Calais que le nom est le plus répandu (variante : Norman). Variante bretonne : Normant …   Noms de famille

  • Normand — Normand, 1) (spr. Normang), Peter Joseph, geb. 1764 in Goyencourt, Architekt u. Radirer, von welchem man über 7000 Blätter aus dem Gebiet der Malerei u. Sculptur, Architektur u. Ornamentik zählt. 2) le N., s. Lenormand …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Normand — (spr. mang), Jacques, franz. Dichter und Dramatiker, geb. 25. Nov. 1848 in Paris, machte historische und juristische Studien, beteiligte sich als Freiwilliger am Krieg von 1870 und fand so den Stoff zu den Skizzen: »Les tablettes d un mobile«… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Normand — Cet article concerne la langue normande. Pour les Normands du Moyen Âge, voir Normands. Normand Nourmaund Parlée en France et dans les Îles Anglo Normandes Région Normandie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Normand — This interesting name originated either as an ethnic byname for Scandinavian settlers in England, who came to be known as Northmen or Normen, from the Olde English Northmann (plural Northmenn ), meaning men from the North , or as a post Conquest… …   Surnames reference

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.