PAINLEVÉ


PAINLEVÉ
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5.12.1863 Paris/F - 29.10.1933 Paris/F
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Paul Painlevé received education in mathematics at Ecole Normale Supérieure, with a diploma in 1883 and the PhD title in 1886. He started lecturing rational mechanics at University of Lille in 1887 and returned to Paris five years later as a Lecturer at Faculté des Sciences. He was then also an assistant of Maurice Lévy (1838-1910) at Collège de France and was appointed professor of general mathematics in 1903 at Faculté des Sciences, Paris. From 1909, Painlevé was an aviation professor at the Ecole Supérieure d'Aéronautique and three years later also of rational mechanics. From 1923 he lectured in addition fluid mechanics at Ecole Polytechnique. In parallel, Painlevé was politically involved, first as departmental deputy, then as minister of the public instruction, as war minister during World War I, and finally as minister of aviation. He thus was one of the most important individuals of both the scientific and the political life in France. His distinctions were many, such as Member of Académie des Sciences, Paris, which he presided over in 1918. He was given a state funeral and his ashes are presently at the Panthéon, Paris.
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As a mathematician, Painlevé considered questions in their greatest generality. After his first works concerning rational transformations of algebraic curves and surfaces, he was remarkably successful in the study of singular points, and singularities, which are often special solutions in problems of hydrodynamics. Transitional flows from subto super-critical state both in hydrodynamics and aerodynamics involve a change from the basic governing equations, and singular point analyses define the state where these two flow types have their origin. The results of these studies by Painlevé are applicable to the equations of analytical mechanics. Painlevé was also an aviation admirer and presented a book on early aviation together with Borel. His two volumes On the resistance of inviscid fluid flows from 1930 are a classical text in hydrodynamics.
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Charle, C., Telkes, E. (1989). Painlevé, Paul-Prudent. Les professeurs de la Faculté des Sciences de Paris 1901-1939: 212-214. CNRS: Paris.
Denjoy, A. (1934). Paul Painlevé. Annales de l'Université de Paris 9(1): 1-22. P
Félix, L. (1982). Painlevé. Dictionary of scientific biography 10: 274-276. Scribner's: New York. Painlevé, P., Borel, E. (1910). L'aviation. Alcan: Paris.
Painlevé, P.P. (1930). Leçons sur la résistance des fluides non-visqueux. Gauthier-Villars: Paris. Poggendorff, J.C. (1904). Painlevé, Paul. Biographisch-Literarisches Handwörterbuch 4:
1111-1112; 5: 935; 6: 1939. Verlag Chemie: Leipzig, with bibliography.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PAINLEVÉ (J.) — PAINLEVÉ JEAN (1902 1989) Après une classe de math sup à Louis le Grand, Jean Painlevé, fils du mathématicien et homme d’État Paul Painlevé, s’oriente vers la médecine. Mais un passage à la faculté des sciences, où il obtient une licence, décide… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • PAINLEVÉ (P.) — PAINLEVÉ PAUL (1863 1933) Mathématicien et homme politique français né à Paris, Paul Painlevé est aussi un théoricien de l’aviation dont il soutint le développement par son action politique. Ancien élève de l’École normale supérieure, il enseigna …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Painleve — Painlevé ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Jean Painlevé (1902–1989), französischer Dokumentarfilmer, Szenenbildner und Schauspieler Paul Painlevé (1863–1933), französischer Mathematiker und Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Painlevé —   [pɛ̃l ve],    1) Jean, französischer Regisseur, * Paris 20. 11. 1902, ✝ ebenda 2. 7. 1989, Sohn von 2); Arzt; Gründer (1930) und Leiter des »Institut de cinématographie scientifique« in Paris; bedeutender Regisseur von wissenschaftlichen Filmen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Painlevé — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Jean Painlevé (1902–1989), französischer Dokumentarfilmer, Szenenbildner und Schauspieler Paul Painlevé (1863–1933), französischer Mathematiker und Politiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffskl …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Painlevé — (Paul) (1863 1933) mathématicien, physicien et homme politique français. Plusieurs fois ministre (1917 1933), président du Conseil de sept. à nov. 1917 et en 1925 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Painlevé — Surnom probable d un boulanger, le nom, rare, est surtout porté dans l Eure et Loir et les Yvelines …   Noms de famille

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  • Painlevé — biographical name Paul 1863 1933 French mathematician & statesman …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Painlevé paradox — is a well known example by Paul Painlevé in rigid body dynamics which, it was claimed, showed that rigid body dynamics with contact and Coulomb friction is inconsistent. The paradox was resolved (see… …   Wikipedia


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