PAVILLIER


PAVILLIER
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24.4.1853 Vadenay/F - 6.12.1916 Marseille/F
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Louis-Georges Pavillier graduated from the Ecole Polytechnique and completed then the Ecole des Ponts et Chaussées. He was sent in 1879 to the hydraulic service of Toulon. After two years he accepted to take over the public works service of the French Colony Cochinchina but had to return five years later because he had turned ill in the tropic climate. Pavillier stayed from 1886 to 1891 in Marseille and there was employed mainly with the improvement of the canal across the swamps of Engrenier. He was appointed chief engineer in 1891 following his move to Corsica; two years later, Pavillier took over the public works department of Tunesia, where he was particularly in charge of the harbor works in the cities of Bizerte, Tunis, Sousse and Sfax. A work for which Pavillier was honored was the naval base of Bizerte. He was also an Officer of the Légion d'Honneur.
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Pavillier asked his Corps to return to Marseille after his stay in Northern Africa. Therefore, he directed the Bouche du Rhône Department around the River Rhone delta for the following eight years. Besides works for Marseille, he contributed mainly to the development of hydraulic works in his region, notably the irrigation canal of the Baux Valley in the backlands from the Mediterranian Coast. This canal was completed in 1916 and irrigated 2,000 hectares of land. From 1911, the health of Pavillier was ruined because of his stay in Indochina. He therefore asked for early retirement, which was accepted with the decoration of the title General Inspector. However, he was unable to resist an offer from a private consortium that asked him to direct public works in the French Colony of Morroco. Once World War I had thrown its shadow over France, his last will of life vanished and Parvillier passed away from fatigue.
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Aznar Baquero, M. (2006). Louis Georges Pavillier. Personal communication. Marie Centrale: Marseille.
Denizet, F.F. (1916). Paroles prononcées aux obsèques de M. Pavillier, Inspecteur Général des Ponts et Chaussées en retraite. Annales des Ponts et Chaussées 86(6): 253-256. P
Glasson, D., Chantereau, P., eds. (2005). 200 ans Conseil Général des Ponts et Chaussées.
Raux: Paris.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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