- \2.4.1837 Friedek/CR - 19.3.1917 Wien/A\Arthur Oelwein was born in Silesia, today located in the South of Poland. After graduation at the Vienna Polytechnic Institute, he practiced civil engineering with various contractors and submitted a design for the Danube-Oder navigation Canal, following extended visits to canal designs in France, Belgium, Germany and England. He entered in 1876 as a chief engineer the Empress-Elisabeth railways. Oelwein then directed since 1892 the works of the Danube Canal in Vienna until being retired. He also was a lecturer at the Hochschule für Bodenkultur since 1883 and promoted three years later to professor of engineering forestry. As a practitioner, he was involved in most public works relating to the capital Vienna, and also took interest in the rehabilitation of the Austrian Rhine River reach upstream from the Lake of Constance which was subject to important improvements around 1900.\Oelwein was a promoter of the Austrian Navigation system in general and a technical supporter of the Vienna River rehabilitation in particular. After Gustav von Wex (1811-1892) had completed the Vienna river works in the 1870s, large floods required further improvements, which were supported by Oelwein. He was awarded the title Hofrat, the Komturkreuz of the Franz-Joseph-Order in 1880 and the Order of the Iron Cross of the third class in 1902. Oelwein edited Zeitschrift für Flussund Kanalschiffahrt in Österreich. He was vice-president of Österreichischer Ingenieurund Architekten-Verein ÖIAV in 1890/91 and Hofrat from 1903.\Anonymous (1917). Hofrat Arthur Oelwein. Wiener Landwirtschaftliche Zeitung 57: 227-228. PHauser, W. (1917). Hofrat Professor Arthur Oelwein. Österreichische Wochenschrift für den Öffentlichen Baudienst 23(16): 200. POelwein, A. (1887). Die Wienflussregulierung und der Expertenbericht hierüber. Wochenschrift des Österreichischen Ingenieurund Architekten-Vereines 12(3): 18-23.Oelwein, A. (1891). Die Überschwemmungen des Rheins in Vorarlberg und die Geschichte der Rheinregulierung. Wochenschrift des Österreichischen Ingenieurund Architekten-Vereines 16(16): 148-154.Oelwein, A. (1891). Die Überschwemmungen des Rheins in Vorarlberg. Wochenschrift des Österreichischen Ingenieurund Architekten-Vereines 16(36): 317-321.Oelwein, A. (1897). Das Donau-Oder-Kanalprojekt. Böhm: Berlin.Oelwein, A. (1917). Hofrat Ing. A. Oelwein. Zeitschrift des Österreichischen Ingenieurund Architekten-Vereines 69(21): 328-329. P
Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.