BRIX


BRIX
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27.6.1859 Rosenheim/D - 10.1.1943 Berlin/D
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Joseph Brix graduated as a civil engineer from the Technical University of Munich in 1881. He was then involved in the execution of the water supply system of the cities of Munich and Mainz. In 1886 he was asked to present a design for the sewer system of the city of Wiesbaden, which he executed as the city engineer from 1887 to 1894. One year later, he moved to the city of Altona where he directed civil works for the following three years. Brix was appointed in 1904 first professor of city engineering at the Technical University of Berlin, where he stayed until retirement in 1927. He was awarded the title Geheimer Regierungsrat in 1913, the honorary doctorate from the Technical University of Munich in 1918, and he was a Member of the Prussian Academy of Architecture, among many other decorations. Brix was also a founding and honorary Member of the Free German Academy of City Architecture.
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City engineering was a subject matter of hydraulic engineering until around 1900, when Brix initiated this novel technical branch at German universities. This branch thus included the design of modern cities and the integration of the necessary infrastructure, such as highways, train systems, water supply and wastewater removal, sewage treatment, among others. Brix was known for the 1887 book because it introduced the practical approach on how cities had to be sanitized at the end of the 19th century. In 1934, Brix published a book with Karl Imhoff, the nestor of the German wastewater treatment. The most successful book of Brix was certainly Wasserversorgung, in which the main aspects of water supply techniques are highlighted. The book had six editions in total, the latest being dated of 1963.
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Anonymous (1943). Dr.-Ing. E.h. Joseph Brix. Technisches Gemeindeblatt 46(2): 44. Brix, J. (1887). Die Canalisation von Wiesbaden. Bechtold: Wiesbaden.
Brix, J. (1912). Aus der Geschichte des Städtebaues in den letzten 100 Jahren. Ernst: Berlin. Brix, J., Imhoff, K., Weldert, R. (1934). Die Stadtentwässerung in Deutschland. Fischer: Jena. Brix, J., Heyd, H., Gerlach, E. (1936). Die Wasserversorgung. Oldenbourg: München.
Heyd, H. (1939). Geheimrat Brix 80 Jahre alt. Die Städtereinigung 31(11): 263-264. P
Neumann, E. (1934). Prof. Dr.Ing.E.h. Joseph Brix zur Vollendung des 75. Lebensjahres. Der Bauingenieur 15(29/30): 810. P
Schwenke, W. (1955). Joseph Brix. Neue Deutsche Biographie 2: 618-619. Duncker&Humblot: Berlin.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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