TOULA
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20.12.1845 Wien/A - 3.1.1920 Wien/A
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Franz Toula graduated as a geologist from the Technical University of Vienna in 1869 and continued as an assistant at its Geological Institute. Toula received the doctoral title from the University of Rostock; he was appointed in 1877 Lecturer at his university, and professor of mineralogy and geology in 1884. He remained there for the next 37 years until retirement in 1917.
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Toula was a scientist who made a number of scientific voyages mainly through the Balkan and in the Eastern Alps. From these trips resulted some 150 publications. Toula was asked in the 1870s and 1880s to explore the Balkan and the Middle East from the view points of geology and paleontology. His works were illustrated with maps of the regions visited and published mainly in the Sitzungsberichten of the Vienna Academy of Sciences. He also founded with a friend the Naturwissenschaftlichen Orientverein, an association with interests in the oriental countries. Toula expanded his trips in the early 20th century to the Ottoman Empire and to Crimea. A second impact of Toula's work were the stratigraphic-paleontologic exploration of the Vienna region. His public excursions to the main locations of interest were widely visited. As initiated by his colleague Eduard Suess (1831-1914), Toula aimed at the involvement of interested people in these matters. His textbook Lehrbuch der Geologie appeared three times, and his Leitfaden saw 23 editions. Needless to state that Toula took interest also in questions of hydrology, meteorology and hydraulics, thereby also investigating the causes for large floods and describing means of protection.
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Anonymous (2003). Franz Toula. Personal communication. Österreichischer Ingenieurund Architekten-Verein: Wien.
Kieslinger, A. (1965). Franz Toula. 150 Jahre Technische Hochschule Wien 1: 256-258. P
Poggendorff, J.C. (1898). Toula, Franz, Biographisch-Literarisches Handwörterbuch 3: 1361;
4: 1516-1517; 5: 1265. Barth: Leipzig, with bibliography.
Rosiwal, A. (1920). Prof. Franz Toula. Verhandlungen der Geologischen Staatsanstalt (2): 41- 49. Toula, F. (1892). Über Wildbach-Verheerungen und die Mittel, ihnen vorzubeugen. K.K. Ackerbau-Ministerium: Wien, also Schriften zur Verbreitung naturwiss. Kenntnisse.
Toula, F., Hochstetter, F. von, Bisching, A. (1898). Leitfaden der Mineralogie und Geologie.
Hölder: Wien.
Toula, F. (1900). Lehrbuch der Geologie: Ein Leitfaden für Studierende. Hölder: Wien.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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