SVERDRUP


SVERDRUP
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15.11.1888 Sogndal/N - 21.8.1957 Oslo/N
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Harald Ulrik Sverdrup gained his PhD title from the University of Oslo in 1917 after having been from 1913 to 1917 a research associate in oceanography and in meteorology at Oslo University from 1911 to 1913; he stayed then until 1917 at the University of Leipzig, Germany. He was appointed professor of meteorology at the Bergen University in 1926 and in 1931 took over as head the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla CA. Sverdrup was from 1936 until retirement in 1948 professor of geophysics at the Norsk Polarinstitutt in Oslo. He was awarded the William Bowie Medal from the American Geophysical Union AGU in 1951, among many other decorations.
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Sverdrup was in 1931 the scientific director of the Nautilus Expedition and from 1949 to 1952 he organized the English-Scandinavian Expedition to Antarctica. His first expedition led him in 1922 with the Maud during a two years period to the North Siberian Shelf. He found in collaboration with Malmgren the differing interrelationship of wind travel and ice drift as between summer and winter. In collaboration with Hjalmar Dahl (1881-1957), he designed a remarkable current meter, and he pursued under arduous conditions his studies on the hydrodynamics of tides occurring in the shallow waters of the shelf. Among his many books, the 1942 work on the oceans in relation to the physics, the chemistry and to biology is certainly the most outstanding.
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Aliverti, G. (1975). Sverdrup, Harald Ulrik. Scienziati e tecnologi 3: 38-39. Mondadori: Milano. Anonymous (1958). Prof. Harald U. Sverdrup. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 84(3): 89-90.
Cattell, J., Cattell, J., eds. (1948). Sverdrup, Harald Ulrik. American men of science: 2439.
Science Press: New York.
Devik, O. (1958). Harald U. Sverdrup. Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Årbok: 48-73, with bibliography. P
Fleming, R.H. (1951). 13 Award of the W. Bowie Medal. Trans. AGU 32(3): 337-338. P
Sverdrup, H.U. (1916). Druckgradient, Wind und Reibung an der Erdoberfläche. Annalen Hydrographie und Maritime Meteorologie 44: 413-427.
Sverdrup. H.U. (1942). Oceanography for meteorologists. Prentice Hill: New York.
Sverdrup, H.U., Johnson, M.W., Fleming, R.H. (1942). The oceans, their physics, chemistry and general biology. Prentice Hall: New York. http://www.tos.org/oceanography/issues/issue_archive/issue_pdfs/16_3/16.3_inman.pdf P

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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  • Sverdrup — ist der Name folgender Personen: Georg Sverdrup (1770–1850), norwegischer Philologe, Philosoph, Politiker und Bibliothekar Harald Ulrik Sverdrup (1888–1957), norwegischer Ozeanograph Johan Sverdrup 1816–1892), norwegischer Politiker und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sverdrup — Sverdrup, 1) Johan, norweg. Staatsmann, geb. 30. Juli 1816 auf Schloß Jarlsberg, gest. 17. Febr. 1892 in Christiania, studierte daselbst die Rechte und ließ sich 1841 in Laurvik als Anwalt nieder. Im Storthing, dem er seit 1851 ununterbrochen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sverdrup — Sverdrup, Johan, norweg. Staatsmann, geb. 30. Juli 1816 auf dem Gute Jarlsberg, nach 1850 der Leiter der radikalen Bauernopposition, 1871 Präsident des Storthings, 1884 89 Ministerpräsident, gest. 17. Febr. 1892 in Kristiania. – Sein Neffe Jakob… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sverdrup [2] — Sverdrup, Otto, Seemann und Nordpolfahrer, geb. 31. Okt. 1854 im Gehöft Haarstad (Gem. Bindalen, norweg. Amt Nordland), begleitete Nansen 1888 89 auf seiner Durchkreuzung Grönlands, sowie 1893 96 auf seiner Nordpolfahrt, wobei er 1895 während… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sverdrup — Sverdrup, Otto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sverdrup — The sverdrup, named in honour of the pioneering oceanographer Harald Sverdrup, is a unit of measure of volume transport. It is used almost exclusively in oceanography, to measure the transport of ocean currents. Its symbol is Sv. Note that the… …   Wikipedia

  • Sverdrup — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Harald Sverdrup (1888 1957) était un océanographe et météorologiste norvégien. Otto Sverdrup (1854 1930) était un explorateur polaire norvégien. Le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sverdrup — El sverdrup, es una unidad de medida del flujo de volumen por unidad de tiempo, nombrada en honor del oceanógrafo noruego Harald Ulrik Sverdrup.[1] Equivale a 106 metros cúbicos por segundo (0.001 km³/s) y no es una unidad del Sistema… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sverdrup — /sver dreuhp, sfer /; Norw. /svardd drddoop/, n. 1. Otto Neumann /awt toh noy mahn/, 1855? 1930, Norwegian explorer of the Arctic. 2. Also called Sverdrup Islands. a group of islands in the N Northwest Territories of Canada, in the Arctic, W of… …   Universalium

  • sverdrup —    a unit of flow sometimes used in oceanography to express the flow of ocean currents. One sverdrup equals one million cubic meters per second, which is also one cubic hectometer per second. The unit honors the Norwegian oceanographer and Arctic …   Dictionary of units of measurement


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