PAAVEL
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19.2.1900 Riga/LV - 16.4.1958 Neuss-Rhein/D
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Vladimir Paavel started studies as a civil engineer at the University of Saint Petersburg yet was called under the arms in 1919 and 1920 in the Estonian Army. He then continued studies at Karlsruhe University and graduated there in 1925. He initiated his career with works for a hydropower plant in Frankfurt/M and with foundation engineering in Portugal. He was in 1935 appointed professor of water resources at Dorpat University, Estonia, from where he moved in 1936 to the University of Reval as a hydraulics professor until 1941. Following the German invasion of the Baltic States he then moved to Germany and there obtained German citizenship.
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After World War II Paavel was a consultant in hydrology first for PreussAG in Hannover. He submitted in 1947 a PhD thesis to the Technical University of Braunschweig and in parallel was a Lecturer at the University of Baltic Refugees in Hamburg. His scientific works include mainly research in groups of wells where he demonstrated that there was no reason to place a series of wells perpendicularly to the groundwater stream; Paavel also developed a computational approach for the performance and the efficiency of well groups. He also observed that the true capacity of a well group may only be established with continuous operation of all members instead of the often applied method with singular well operation and extrapolation to the well group. Paavel also contributed to the well theory and advanced the theories as established by Jules Dupuit (1804-1866), Phillip Forchheimer (1852-1933) and Josef Kozeny (1889-1967), among others. As a consultant he was in charge of various countries, such as in Portugal, Turkey and Iran.
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Bieske, E. (1958). Prof. Paavel zum Gedächtnis. Gwf/wasser-abwasser 99(26): 621-622. P
Paavel, V. (1939). Vorlesungen über Wasserwirtschaft und Wasserbau. Lehrstuhl für Wasserwirtschaft und Wasserbau. Technische Hochschule: Reval.
Paavel, V. (1948). Berechnung von Brunnengalerien mit Heberleitungen. Technische Hochschule: Braunschweig.
Paavel, V. (1950). Die Entwicklung der Brunnentheorie. Gwf/wasser-abwasser 91(12): 137-142. Paavel, V. (1955). Die Veränderlichkeit der Niederschlagshöhen und die Bemessung der Grundwasserfassungsanlagen. Gwf/wasser-abwasser 96(18): 599-601.
Paavel, V. (1956). The Bielefeld pumping test. Symposia Darcy Dijon 2: 243-253.
Paavel, V. (1957). Berechnung von Wasserleitungs-Ringnetzen. Gwf/wasser-abwasser 98(28): 701-703.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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