ABELEV


ABELEV
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27.10.1913 Nevel/RU - 29.8.1984 Leningrad/RU
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Alexandr Solomonovich Abelev graduated in 1938 from the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute LPI as a hydraulic engineer. In 1942 he there submitted a PhD thesis and then was a scientific collaborator of LPI. He obtained the doctoral degree in 1962. All through his career, Abelev was associated with the Leningrad Hydraulic Institute VNIIG, and there was the head of laboratory from 1962. In parallel he lectured at LPI from 1939 to 1941, then for the next three years at the Central-Asia Industrial Institute in Azerbayjan and finally was a professor of hydraulic engineering at the Leningrad Agricultural Institute until 1973. Abelev was the chairman of the fluid machinery section of the Soviet National Committee of the International Association of Hydraulic Research IAHR, and was an Honorary Member of Energetics of the USSR.
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Abelev specialized in hydromechanics, in hydraulics and in hydro machinery. He determined the hydraulic loads and the pressure distributions on hydraulic elements used in dam engineering, such as gates. He was also interested in the origin and means to reduce pressure fluctuations associated again with hydraulic elements. Of particular interest for him were butterfly valves as used to control the outflow from high-head pipelines and as control elements in penstocks. Abelev's name is also connected to the design and the execution of various Russian hydropower schemes, such as the Krasnoyarsk, the Toktogulsk or the Bratsk installations on the large rivers of Russia.
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Abelev, A.S. (1949). Rachet gidravlichekich soprotivlenii drosselibich satvorov. Izvestiya VNIIG 40: 134-148.
Abelev, A.S. (1952). High-head gates and their hydraulic, mechanical and practical implications. Izvestiya VNIIG 48: 56-68 (in Russian).
Abelev, A.S. (1959). Investigations of the total pulsating hydrodynamic load acting on bottom outlet sliding gates and its scale modeling. 8 IAHR Congress Montreal 1(10A): 1-29.
Abelev, A.S. (1962). Links between pressure pulsations on gates and pulsations due to the total hydrodynamic load on gate structures. Izvestiya VNIIG 69 (in Russian).
Abelev, A.S. (1969). Agricultural water supply. Machinostroenie: Leningrad (in Russian).
Abelev, A.S., Kartelev, B.G., Veprev, G.P., Samorukova, A.V. (1969). Methods and techniques of laboratory and prototype studies on hydro-turbine blocks of hydroelectric power plants. 13 IAHR Congress Kyoto 5(1): 141-145.
Melua, A.I. (2001). Abelev, Alexandr Solomonovich. Energetics of Russia: 15. Humanistica: Moscow, Saint Petersburg (in Russian). P

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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