BERNSTEIN


BERNSTEIN
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21.12.1911/RU - 17.8.1996 Moscow/RU
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Lev Borisovich Bernstein started his career in the 1920s with the execution of the Moscow subway. Once graduated as a civil engineer he developed into an expert in tidal energy engineering. He was closely associated with the Soviet power company Gidroproekt. Bernstein was an Honorary Member of the Academy of Water-Management Sciences, a Member of the International Energy Academy and a chief engineer of the State Planning, Surveying and Research Institute.
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Bernstein introduced an alternative to the usual design of tidal power stations referred to as the floating powerhouse method. The Kislaya Gubla scheme was both designed and executed under his guidance. The particular problems solved include the creation of a light-weight thin-walled powerhouse construction for low head power generation, the use of bulb-type units, the creation of concrete with an especially high frost resistance, effective heat insulation and water proofing, and methods of constructing underwater foundations. The Tugur, the Mezen and the Penzhina power schemes were thus erected. Bernstein both defended his candidate dissertation and later his dissertation for Doctor of technical sciences. He was awarded the Order of Friendship, and the Prize of the USSR Council of Ministers during the Soviet regime. His scientific work includes more than 100 papers and monographs on horizontal turbine-generator units and tidal power stations. The latter book counts among the successful literature on the subject matter.
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Anonymous (1982). Lev Borisovich Bernstein 70 years. Gidrotekhnicheskoe Stroitel'stvo 52(1): 60 (in Russian). P
Anonymous (1996). Lev Borisovich Bernstein. Hydrotechnical Construction 30(11): 702-703. P
Bernstein, L.B. (1961). Tidal power stations. Moscow (in Russian).
Bernstein, L.B. (1967). Tidal power plants in modern power engineering. Gosenergoizdat: Moscow (in Russian).
Bernstein, L.B. (1969). Problem of the utilization of tidal energy and the experimental Kislaya tidal power plant. Hydrotechnical Construction 3(1): 12-18.
Bernstein, L.B. (1971). First results of operation of the Kislogubsk tidal electric station. Hydrotechnical Construction 5(2): 110-115.
Bernstein, L.B. (1992). International symposium on tidal power stations. Hydrotechnical Construction 26(2): 75-81.
Bernstein, L.B. (1995). Real issues governing construction of tidal power plants. Hydrotechnical Construction 29(6): 343-346.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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