ESMAN


ESMAN
\
1.12.1876 Minsk/BY - 30.6.1955 Baku/RU
\
Iosif Gavrilovich Esman originated from Byelo-Russia. He graduated in 1892 from the Saint Petersburg Technological Institute and in 1902 started as a Lecturer at the later Leningrad Polytechnic Institute LPI, where he was appointed professor of hydraulic engineering in 1913. He had there been involved from 1905 to 1912 in the foundation of the hydraulic laboratory and in hydraulic modeling. Esman was elected dean of the mechanical faculty in 1917 and in 1918 was also in Tbilisi a vice-director of a large industrial scheme of Transcaucasia. In 1922 he moved as a professor of hydraulics to the Azerbaidzhan Polytechnic Institute in Baku and there was in addition a consultant of the petroleum industry. From 1923 to 1926, Esman chaired the Baku Institute of the Russian Technical Society. Three years later he returned to LPI as the head of the Hydraulics Institute. He was in parallel all through his life related to the petroleum activities of the Baku region and acted also as the chairman of the Transcaucasian Water Council. In 1941, he initiated the Energetic Institute of the Azerbaidzhan Academy of Sciences and eventually became its director. Today, this Institute is named after Esman.
\
After having founded the LPI hydraulic laboratory in 1905, Esman conducted experiments involving the flow of high viscosity fluids through localized constrictions, turbulent pipe flows, and he proposed analytical methods for the design of centrifugal pumps. He thus established the concept of hydrodynamic drag. He was also interested in gas flows relating to metallurgical ovens. These results received international recognition. Esman was then in charge of large petroleum pipelines and designs of pumping stations. Further results were elaborated in the 1928 publication relating to pumps for oils, and investigations on the use of deep well pumps for petroleum and clay slurry pipelines.
\
Esman, I.G. (1945). Local resistances under the movement of mud. Proc. Geology Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (7): 41-48 (in Russian).
Melua, A.I. (2001). Esman, Iosif Gavrilovich. Energetics of Russia: 141. Humanistica: Moscow, Saint Petersburg (in Russian).
Togonidze, V.R. (1968). Legacy of Prof. I.G. Esman. Hydrotechnical Construction 1: 1115-1116. P
Zvorykin, A.A., ed. (1958). Time, Iosif G. Biografichesky slovar 1: 334. Gos. Izd. 2: Moskva. http://www.azer.com/aiweb/categories/magazine/42_folder/42_articles/42_azeracademy.html P

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • esman — desman …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • esmân — (A.) [ نﺎﻤﺛا ] değerler, kıymetler, bedeller …   Osmanli Türkçesİ sözlüğü

  • ESMAN — (Sümn Semen. C.) Her şeyin pahası, tutarları, semenleri. * Sekizde birler …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

  • Esman Hotel — (Муданья,Турция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Sukrucavus Mah. Mustafa Kemalpasa Cad.No:24 Mu …   Каталог отелей

  • Urszene — ist ein Begriff der Freud schen Psychoanalyse, mit dem die Beobachtung des elterlichen Geschlechtsverkehrs durch das kleine Kind bezeichnet wird, wobei dieses Erlebnis real oder auch phantasiert sein kann. Freud verwendet den Begriff erstmals… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chervone — 1 Original name in latin Chervone Name in other language Chervone, Chervonoye, Esman , Esman’, Luzhki, Червоне State code UA Continent/City Europe/Kiev longitude 51.77006 latitude 34.06729 altitude 184 Population 1800 Date 2012 02 28 2 Original… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bloody Sunday (1939) — Bloody Sunday ( de. Bromberger Blutsonntag; pl. Krwawa Niedziela) is the term used to describe an incident that took place at the beginning of World War II. On September 3, 1939, two days after the beginning of the German invasion of Poland,… …   Wikipedia

  • Korczak coat of arms — Korczak Battle cry: Details Alternative names Cittus, Ciphus, Karpie, Trzy Wręby, Wrębowie, Wręby …   Wikipedia

  • Brown Journal of World Affairs — Infobox Journal | website = http://www.bjwa.org | ISSN = 1080 0786 The Brown Journal of World Affairs is an American journal of international relations, published bi annually at Brown University. It was founded in 1993 as the Brown Journal of… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Hafftka — Leap of Faith, o/c, 78 x 62 in. (198 x 157.5 cm), by Michael Hafftka, 1998 Michael Hafftka (1953 ) is an American figurative expressionist painter living in New York City. Hafftka was born in Manhattan to Eva and Simon Hafftka, European refugees… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.