KHASKIND


KHASKIND
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16.8.1913 Novy Bug/RU - 17.5.1963 Odessa/RU
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Maks Danilovich Khaskind originated from the Kherson region, Ukraine. He graduated in 1937 in mathematics and physics from Odessa University. Shortly later, he gained his PhD degree on a topic in water waves from the Moscow State University. In the 1950s, Khaskind defended his doctoral theses on the maneuverability of ships. He was a Lecturer in hydromechanics and naval engineering at Nikolaev Ship Building Institute from 1937 to 1941, and joined from 1943 to 1950 TsAGI, the Central Aero-Hydrodynamics Institute, Leningrad. From 1950, Khaskind chaired the Electrotechnical Institute of Odessa. He was awarded the A.N. Krylov Premium, thereby commemorating one of the greatest naval researchers of the early 20th century.
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The scientific interests of Khaskind were mainly in wave theory and in the hydraulic resistance of water waves. He also investigated diffusion effects of these waves, and made notable research on the resistance of naval bodies, thereby including the advances of Alexei Nikolaevich Krylov (1863-1945). Khaskind made a mathematical approach for the infinitely long ship. He also advanced the theory of gliding on a fluid surface, and he developed the theory of unsteady bodies moving in a liquid. He further analyzed the theory of wave damping and wave impedance. He expanded results from acoustics to those of hydro-acoustics. Khaskind investigated the thin wing theory by accounting for the compressibility of air. Finally, his works in electromagnetic wave refraction may also be mentioned.
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Khaskind, M.D. (1944). The oscillation of a body immersed in heavy fluid. Prikladnaja matematika i mechanika Novaja Serija, Akad. Nauk SSSR 8: 287-300, English summary.
Khaskind, M.D. (1945). Translation of bodies under the free surface of a heavy fluid of finite depth. Prikladnaja matematika i mechanika Novaja Serija, Akad. Nauk SSSR 9: 66-78, with English summary.
Khaskind, M.D. (1954). On the wave motion of a heavy fluid. Prikladnaja matematika i mechanika Novaja Serija, Akad. Nauk SSSR 18: 15-26, with English summary.
Khaskind, M.D. (1958). Vibrations of thin plane wings in tandem in plane incompressible flow. Journal Applied Mathematics and Mechanics USSR 22: 649-658.
Khaskind, M.D. (1973). Hydrodynamic theory of ship resistance. Nauka: Moscow (in Russian). Mikhailov, G.K. (2001). Maks Danilovich Khaskind. Personal communication. P
Wehausen, J.V., Laitone, E.V. (1960). Surface waves. Handbook of physics 9: 446-778.
Springer: Berlin.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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