NIKITIN


NIKITIN
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4.7.1911 Pskov/RU -.. 1993 Kiev/UA
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Ivan Kuzmich Nikitin graduated in 1937 as an aerodynamicist from the Leningrad Industrial Institute. He moved then to the Voronezh branch office of the Central Aero-Hydrodynamical Institute TsAGI as a scientist to develop seaplanes. In 1941 he started lecturing at the Voronezh Aviation Institute which was displaced to Tashkent due to the German approach during World War II. After the war Nikitin moved to the Central-Asian Scientific Research Institute SANIIRI in Tashkent, where he prepared his thesis on curvilinear sediment bowl with continuous washing. From 1958, Nikitin was a scientific collaborator at the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences IAI in Kiev, where he was appointed deputy director in 1960 and headed the department of physical hydrodynamics from 1964. He retired from the latter position in 1981 after having been appointed professor in 1971.
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Nikitin collaborated in Kiev with Izrail L. Rozovsky (1908-1978) and Georgy V. Logvinovich (1913-2002). In the 1960s and 1970s Nikitin took interest in the turbulent structure of open channel flows and also published work on the relation between turbulent currents as considered in hydraulic engineering and in hydrodynamics. He investigated the turbulence structure with special visualization techniques involving for instance stroboscopic illumination or so called "stroke photography". The Novosibirsk Institute of Thermophysics was interested in his procedures and there developed intense research collaboration between the two institutes. Nikitin also advanced knowledge in stratified currents both in research and in applications to governmental problems with large water bodies. Nikitin developed also a modified two-layer model for turbulent currents which is detailed in books published in 1963 and 1980.
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Domanov, V.N., Gayev, E.A. (2002). 90th anniversary of Prof. Ivan Kuzmich Nikitin. Applied Hydrodynamics Kiev.
Mukhamedov, A.M. (1976). 50th anniversary of the V.D. Zhurin Central Asian Research Institute of Irrigation SANIIRI. Hydrotechnical Construction 10(2): 199-200.
Nikitin, I.K. (1958). A novel apparatus for measuring turbulence and examination of the flow structure in an irrigation scheme. Riverbed processes: 69-84. Akademii Nauk: Moscow.
Nikitin, I.K. (1963). Turbulence of the flow in channels and processes of the bottom layer. Kiev (in Ukrainian).
Nikitin, I.K. (1971). Hydromécanique des processus du transport dans les flots turbulents sans pression. 14 IAHR Congress Paris 1: 1-8.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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