PROSKURA


PROSKURA
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28.4.1876 Smela/RU - 30.10.1958 Kharkov/RU
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Georgy Fedorovich Proskura was born in today's Cherkassy Oblast. He graduated in 1901 from the Moscow Higher Technical School. He collaborated then with the father of the Russian aviation Nikolai Egorovich Zhukovsky (1847-1921). Proskura read his first lecture in Ukraine in 1909 on the theory of aerostatics, which produced a huge interest on part of the students and initiated the setting up of the Aerostatics Department in Kharkov, whose journal was the Heavier than air. Proskura was appointed professor of mechanics at the Kharkov Institute of Technology in 1911, today's Kharkov Polytechnic Institute KTI. He there built a closed wind tunnel, one of the first in Russia. In 1922, Proskura became one of the founders of the Ukraine and Crimea Aviation and Aerostatics Society, and in 1923 he secured the opening of the Aviation Department at KTI. Shortly later he also founded the Aero-hydrodynamic Laboratory, which was transformed in 1930 into the Kharkov Aviation Institute, today's Kharkov Aerospace University. From 1944 to 1954 Proskura was the director of the laboratory for problems in high-speed machines and mechanisms of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. Proskura's main works are devoted to the theory of propeller hydroturbines and pumps, cavitation in hydraulic machinery, the use of hydraulic couplings for transport vehicles, and the theory of aircraft propellers.
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Proskura received the USSR State Prize in 1943 and he was awarded two Lenin Orders, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and various medals. He was an outstanding Soviet scientist as an expert in the fields of hydraulic machinery and in hydroand aerodynamics. He was an Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR from 1929 and an Honored Worker in Science and Technology of the Ukrainian SSR from 1944.
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Anonymous (1978). Proskura, Georgy Fedorovich. Great Soviet Encyclopedia 21: 278.
MacMillan: New York.
Bogolyubov, A.N., (1963). Georgy Fedorovich Proskura. Matematiki, Mekhaniki: Biografichesky spravochnik: 392. Kiev. P
Proskura, G.F. (1922). Theory of propeller turbines. Nauka na Ukraine: Kiev (in Russian). Proskura, G.F. (1927). Determining cavitation coefficients of turbines. Vestnik Inzhenerov (3). Proskura, G.F. (1932). Tsentrobezhnye i propellernye. Moscow.
Proskura, G.F. (1954). Gidrodinamika turbomashin. Kiev. http://kharkov.vbelous.net/english/politex1/proskura.htm P

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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