CORRAL


CORRAL
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28.2.1907 Santander/E -.. 1990 Madrid/E
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Santiago Corral graduated as a civil engineer in 1929 and he obtained also a doctorate in laws. He eventually took interest in dam engineering and was associated with the leading Spanish construction companies. He became a Board Member and later the managing director of Saltos del Nansa Combine generating, transmitting and selling electric energy from its hydropower plants on the River Nansa in Asturias. Corral together with a colleague founded the engineering design office Ideam, which was initially oriented towards the damage reconstruction of infrastructure during the Spanish Civil War. In 1950 the La Cohilla Arch Dam was erected and shortly later the San Esteban Dam, a 120 m high gravity arch dam on the Sil River. Corral collaborated then with Joaquim Laginha Serafim (1921-1994) on the creation of Consulpresa, a dam consulting company where he acted as vice-chairman and where he participated in Tecniberia as Consulpresa's representative.
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Spain has an old tradition in dam construction, starting in the Roman times of which two dams are currently still in use. The Roman design method was reinstated in the middle ages and led in Renaissance to the Alicante Dam in 1594, or the Tibi Dam in 1589 which with 46 m height set a record not broken until the 19th century. Spain's modern dam structures originate only from after 1950, however. In 1970, the total storage capacity of the Spanish dams rose to 37,000 hm3, with an average increase of some 2,000 hm3 per year. Currently, 98% of the total capacity is stored within 300 dams whose individual capacity is larger than 10 hm3. Private dams are concentrated in the North of Spain whereas the public dams are mostly found in the South. Spain is actually the European country that adds most new dams, given the water shortage mainly along the Mediterranean, with large agricultural reaches and intensive tourism. Of particular note are the dam schemes along Spain's large rivers, particularly along the Duero River in the West, and the Ebre River in the East.
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Anonymous (1992). The heritage of Spanish dams. Colegio de Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos: Madrid.
Castro-Orgaz, O. (2007). Santiago Corral y Pérez. Personal communication.
Sáenz Ridruejo, F. (2006). Dam engineers in Spain. Dams in Spain: 422. Colegio de Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos: Madrid. P
Schnitter, N.J. (1994). A history of dams: The useful pyramids. Balkema: Rotterdam.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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  • corral — [ kɔral ] n. m. • 1868; coural 1668; hispano amér. corral ♦ Enclos où l on parque le bétail (bœufs, taureaux), dans certains pays. Des corrals. ⊗ HOM. Choral, chorale. ● corral, corrals nom masculin (espagnol corral) En Amérique, enclos destiné à …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Corral — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Corral (desambiguación). Corral …   Wikipedia Español

  • Corral — ist Ortsbezeichnung von Corral (Chile) Corral City, Texas Corral (Spanien), eine Stadt in Nordspanien ist der Name von Stampede Corral, (Calgary Corral), Stadion in Calgary Corral ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Ponciano Corral Acosta… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • corral — (Quizá del lat. vulg. *currale, circo de carreras, y este der. del lat. currus, carro). 1. m. Sitio cerrado y descubierto, en las casas o en el campo, que sirve habitualmente para guardar animales. 2. Atajadizo o cercado que se hace en los ríos o …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • corral — sustantivo masculino 1. Lugar cerrado y descubierto donde se guardan gallinas y otros animales: Me he dejado el corral abierto y se han escapado las gallinas. Una comadreja ha entrado en el corral y ha hecho un destrozo. 2. Patio descubierto… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • corral — ☆ corral [kə ral′ ] n. [Sp < corro, a circle, ring < L currere, to run: see CURRENT] 1. an enclosure for holding or capturing horses, cattle, or other animals; pen 2. a defensive area made by drawing up covered wagons to form an enclosing… …   English World dictionary

  • corral — (n.) 1580s, from Sp. corral, from corro ring, Port. curral, of uncertain origin. Perhaps ultimately African, or from V.L. *currale enclosure for vehicles, from L. currus two wheeled vehicle, from currere to run. The verb is from 1847; meaning to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • corral — [n] enclosure compound, paddock, pen, pound, stockade; concept 494 corral [v] enclose cage, confine, coop up, fence in, lock up, pen, shut in, shut up; concept 191 Ant. set free …   New thesaurus

  • corral — ► NOUN N. Amer. ▪ a pen for livestock on a farm or ranch. ► VERB (corralled, corralling) 1) N. Amer. put or keep (livestock) in a corral. 2) gather (a group) together. ORIGIN Spanish and Old Portuguese …   English terms dictionary

  • Corral — Cor*ral (k?r r?l ; Sp. k?r r?l ), n. [Sp., a yard, a yard for cattle, fr. corro a circle or ring, fr. L. currere to run. Cf. {Kraal}.] A pen for animals; esp., an inclosure made with wagons, by emigrants in the vicinity of hostile Indians, as a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Corral — Cor*ral , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Corraled} ( r?ld or r?ld ); p. pr. & vb. n. {Corralling}.] To surround and inclose; to coop up; to put into an inclosed space; primarily used with reference to securing horses and cattle in an inclosure of wagons… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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