FOREL


FOREL
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2.2.1841 Morges/CH - 8.8.1912 Morges/CH
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François Alphonse Forel graduated as a scientist from Académie de Genève in 1863. For two years he studied medicine in Montpellier to complete his medical degree at Würzburg University, Germany. In 1870 he joined Académie de Lausanne where he taught general anatomy and physiology for twenty-five years. In parallel he made limnological studies.
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Forel may be considered a founder of limnology. His first research was on the profundal fauna of Lake Geneva discovered while attempting to learn whether the lake bottom had ripple marks indicating bottom waves. Whereas others had already studied the profundal fauna in the sea, Forel discovered their existence in deep lakes. In 1869 Forel began studying the seiches of Lake Geneva by measuring their magnitude and duration at various points of the lake and comparing his data with others derived from experimental models. Seiches are mass oscillations in large water bodies that occur in lakes somewhat smaller than Lake Geneva. Forel turned to the study of the causes for seiches existence and concluded in 1878 mainly wind, rain and atmospheric pressure variations. His studies in meteorology were connected with his interest in variations of the level of Lake Geneva, as was his interest in glaciology. In 1892, Forel published his three volume work on Lake Geneva, probably the most detailed study related to a single lake. The first two volumes are devoted to physical lake features including geography, hydrography, temperature, optics, acoustics and chemistry. The third volume is mainly concerned with biology, in addition to history, navigation and fishery. The 1901 monograph is an abridged version of the former text.
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Anonymous (1899). F.A. Forel. Umschau 3: 782. P
Blanc, H. (1912). Prof. Dr. François Alphonse Forel. Verhandlungen Schweizerische Naturforschende Gesellschaft 95: 110-148, with bibliography. P
Egerton, F.N. (1981). Forel. Dictionary of scientific biography Supp 1: 158-159.
Forel, F.A. (1875). Vagues d'oscillations fixe de lacs. Verhandlungen Schweizerische Naturforschende Gesellschaft 58: 157-168.
Forel, F.A. (1885). La formule des seiches. Archives des Sciences physiques et naturelles
Genève, Série 3 14: 203-214.
Forel, F.A. (1892). Le Léman: Monographie limnologique. Rouge: Lausanne. Forel, F.A. (1901). Handbuch der Seenkunde. Engelhorn: Stuttgart.
Forel, F.A. (1902). L'histoire de la théorie des seiches. Verhandlungen Schweizerische Naturforschende Gesellschaft 85: 1-30.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Forel — bezeichnet: den Namen einiger Orte: die Gemeinde Forel (FR) im Kanton Freiburg, Schweiz die Gemeinde Forel (Lavaux) im Kanton Waadt, Schweiz die Gemeinde Forel sur Lucens im Kanton Waadt, Schweiz. einen Familiennamen. – Bekannte Namensträger sind …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Forel — may refer to:* Auguste Henri Forel (1848–1931), Swiss myrmecologist. * Foreign Legion Ogame.org Universe 1 alliance * François Alphonse Forel Swiss hydrologist * Several communes in Switzerland: ** Forel, Fribourg ** Forel, Vaud ** Forel sur… …   Wikipedia

  • Forel — For el, n. [OE. forelcase, sheath, OF. forel, fourel, F. fourreau, LL. forellus, fr. OF. forre, fuerre, sheath, case, of German origin; cf. OHG. fuotar, akin to Goth. f[=o]dr; prob. not the same word as E. fodder food. Cf. {Fur}, {Fodder} food.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Forel — For el, v. t. To bind with a forel. [R.] Fuller. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Forel — Forel, 1) François Alphonse, Naturforscher, geb. 2. Febr. 1841 zu Morges im Kanton Waadt, studierte Medizin und Naturwissenschaft in Genf, Montpellier, Paris und Würzburg, ist Professor der Anatomie und allgemeinen Physiologie an der Universität… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Forel — Forel, François Alphonse, Naturforscher, geb. 2. Febr. 1841 in Morges (Waadt), Prof. der Anatomie in Lausanne, untersuchte namentlich die Naturgeschichte der Süßwasserseen, bes. des Genfer Sees; schrieb: »Le Léman« (3 Bde., 1892 1904), »Handbuch… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Forel — (François Alphonse) (1841 1912) médecin et naturaliste suisse. Professeur de physiologie, puis d anatomie à l université de Lausanne, il est connu pour ses travaux sur les lacs: Léman, monographie limnologique (1892 1904) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Forel FR — FR ist das Kürzel für den Kanton Freiburg in der Schweiz und wird verwendet, um Verwechslungen mit anderen Einträgen des Namens Forelf zu vermeiden. Forel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Forel — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Localités Forel est une localité de la commune suisse de Vernay dans le canton de Fribourg. Forel (Lavaux) est une commune suisse du canton de Vaud. Forel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • forelæse — fo|re|læ|se vb., r, forelæste, forelæst …   Dansk ordbog


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