QUETELET
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22.2.1796 Ghent/B - 17.2.1874 Brussels/B
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Adolphe Quetelet graduated as a mathematician from the University of Gent and was appointed then Lecturer at the College of his hometown. He submitted a PhD thesis in 1819 and then moved as a professor to the Athénée Royale in Bruxelles. He was elected in 1820 Member of the Belgian Academy of Sciences and Literature, and appointed its Perpetual Secretary in 1834. He was from 1826 the director of the Observatory of Brussels where he stayed until his death. In 1833 he initiated a long series of observations on meteorology and earth sciences. Quetelet collaborated at three institutions, namely the Observatory, the Academy and the Central Commission of statistics. He was elected Foreign Member of Institut de France in 1872, he was a Member of the Royal Society, London, and Academician of Berlin and Saint Petersburg, next to a number of distinctions. A statue was erected in 1880, showing him seated in an armchair, the fingers on the left hand spread out on the nearby globe, and his head raised as he peers into the secrets of space.
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Quetelet envisioned a new scientific discipline that he called "social physics". Social physics combines statistical data with the analytical tools of probability theory. He was also the untiring promoter of the international corporation in the collection of statistical data. He organized international corporation in meteorology, geophysics and statistics. He urged to consider not only the average but also the deviation to know whether the latter was accidental or not. From 1828 to 1839 he edited the journal Correspondance Mathématique et Physique in which problems in theoretical physics were discussed.
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Anonymous (1957). A. Quetelet. Gedenkboek van de Rijksuniversiteit te Gent 1930-1956: 16-17.
Rijksuniversiteit: Gent. P
Arnould, E. (1874). Adolphe Quetelet. Les Mondes 33: 626-627.
Freudenthal, H. (1975). Quetelet, Lambert A. J. Dictionary of scientific biography 11: 236-238. Godeaux, L. (1973). L'œuvre mathématique de Adolphe Quetelet. Janus 60: 97-99.
Quetelet, A. (1849). Sur le climat de la Belgique. Hayez: Bruxelles.
Quetelet, A. (1864). Histoire des sciences mathématiques et physiques chez les Belges.
Merzbach: Bruxelles.
Quetelet, A. (1869). Physique sociale ou essai sur le développement des facultés de l'homme.
Haumann: Bruxelles.
Swijtink, Z.G. (2000). Lambert-Adolphe-Jacques Quetelet. Science and its times 5: 262-263,
N. Schlager, ed. Gale Group: Detroit. P

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Quetelet —   [ke tlɛ], Lambert Adolphe Jacques, belgischer Mathematiker, Astronom und Statistiker, * Gent 22. 2. 1796, ✝ Brüssel 17. 2. 1874; ab 1819 Mathematik Professor in Brüssel; 1828 wurde Quetelet Direktor der unter seiner Leitung in Brüssel erbauten… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Quetelet — (spr. Ket läh), Lambert Adolphe Jacques, geb. 22. Febr. 1796 in Gent, studirte daselbst u. in Paris Mathematik, wurde 1814 Professor der Mathematik am Gymnasium in Gent, 1819 am Gymnasium in Brüssel, 1826 Director der unter seiner Leitung… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Quételet — (spr. kĕt lä), Lambert Adolphe Jacques, Naturforscher und Statistiker, geb. 22. Febr. 1796 in Gent, gest. 17. Febr. 1874 in Brüssel, studierte in Gent, wurde 1814 Lehrer der Mathematik am dortigen Collège royal, 1819 am Athenäum in Brüssel,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Quételet — (spr. ket leh), Lambert Adolphe Jacques, Astronom und Statistiker, geb. 22. Febr. 1796 zu Gent, Prof. und Direktor der Sternwarte zu Brüssel, gest. das. 17. Febr. 1874, bes. durch seine sozial statist. Arbeiten berühmt (»Sur l homme et le… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Quetelet — (Ketlä), Lambert Adolphe Jacques, geb. 1796 zu Gent, seit 1826 Director der Brüsseler Sternwarte und Dirigent der statistischen Centralcommission. »Du système social et des lois qui le régissent«, Paris 1848 …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Quételet — (Adolphe) (1796 1874) astronome et mathématicien belge. Il fit construire (1828) et dirigea l observatoire de Bruxelles. Ses recherches statistiques appliquées à la taille des humains sont à l origine de l anthropométrie …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Quetelet — Adolphe Quételet. Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quételet (* 22. Februar 1796 in Gent; † 17. Februar 1874 in Brüssel) war ein belgischer Astronom und Statistiker. Leben N …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quételet — Adolphe Quételet. Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quételet (* 22. Februar 1796 in Gent; † 17. Februar 1874 in Brüssel) war ein belgischer Astronom und Statistiker. Leben N …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quetelet — Lambert Alphonse Jacques, 1796–1857. Belgian astronomer and mathematician …   Medical dictionary

  • Quetelet — …   Useful english dictionary

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