SENTÜRK


SENTÜRK
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24.11.1919 Istanbul/TR - 28.10.2006 Istanbul/TR
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Fuat Sentürk gained his PhD degree from Toulouse University, France in 1964. He was from 1965 to 1974 a hydraulic engineering professor at Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey and a visiting professor at universities of Europe and America. He also was the Director of the Turkish State Hydraulics Center, Ankara, Turkey and there had a lasting influence on the development of hydraulic and river engineering of Turkey, currently the European state with the largest development of hydropower.
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Sentürk was an expert of the hydraulic design of several large dams in Turkey, including the Keban and the Karakaya Dams. The Keban Dam on the Firat (Euphrates) River is actually the highest dam in the Middle East with 210 m. It was the first large hydropower element on Euphrates River completed in 1974 and impounding the river along 50 km. This scheme has a design discharge of 18,000 m3/s and produces a high velocity at the spillway end, such that problems with cavitation damage resulted with the original design. The Euphrates River is 2,800 km long with its springs close to Lake Van. The upper reaches of the river include steep canyons and gorges. The river then flows into Syria and through Iraq discharging finally into the Arabian Gulf. About both the Euphrates and the Tigris Rivers, there is much controversy on the rights and use of the waters. The Anatolia Project in Turkey involves the construction of a total of 22 dams, the largest public works ever undertaken by the country. The Turkish authorities hope that this water project provides a boost to the region's economy, but domestic and foreign critics have disputed its benefits and the social and environmental costs of the scheme. The Karakaya Arch Dam has a height of 180 m and is provided with a steep chute discharging the excess water into a plunge pool. Sentürk was also involved in several large dams in North Africa such as the Irilemda Dam and the Oued el Mellegue Dam in Tunisia.
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Sentürk, F. (1967). Détermination de la résistance d'un fond mobile sous l'action d'un écoulement. 12 IAHR Congress Fort Collins 1(19): 151-161.
Sentürk, F. (1968). Le comportement d'un fond mobile sous l'action des caractéristiques variables d'un écoulement. Le Génie Civil 145(3): 191-197.
Sentürk, F. (1994). Hydraulics of dams and reservoirs. Water Resources Publications: Littleton. Simons, D.B., Sentürk, F. (1992). Sediment transport technology: Water and sediment dynamics. Water Resources Publications: Littleton CO.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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