BRUNEL


BRUNEL
\
9.4.1806 Portsea/UK - 15.9.1859 London/UK
\
In 1822 Isambard Kingdom Brunel returned from an apprenticeship in France to Britain and started working in his father's office for the Thames Tunnel. He there exhibited great courage and presence of mind in the emergencies occurring not infrequently, such as in 1828 during a flooding of the tunnel. His design for a suspension bridge over the River Avon at Clifton Gorge was accepted in 1831, and finished only in 1864 as a memorial to Brunel. During the following ten years, Brunel was in charge of railways projects culminating in the 312 km long Great Western line.
\
As early as in 1835, Brunel had the idea of extending the line westwards across the Atlantic from Bristol to New York by means of a steamship. Accordingly, he took interest in the design of large ships. The 88 m long and 15 m wide "Great Britain" was screw driven and launched in 1843. The first voyage began in 1845 from Liverpool to New York. One year later, it ran aground and was later used for trips to Australia. Brunel's last, largest and most extravagantly conceived ship was the Great Leviathan, eventually named "The Great Eastern"; it had a double-skinned iron hull, together with both paddles and screw propeller. Brunel designed the ship to carry sufficient coal for the round trip to Australia without refueling, thus saving the need for bunkering. The ship's construction was started by John Scott Russell (1808-1882) in his yard at Millwall on the Thames, but the building was completed by Brunel due to Russell's bankruptcy in 1856. The hull of the huge vessel was laid down so as to be launched sideways into the river and then to be floated on the tide. The ship was 207 m long, 25 m beam and 18 m deep; the screw was 7.3 m in diameter and the paddles 18 m in diameter. Its displacement was 32,000 tons. The strain of overwork and the huge responsibility marked the end of Brunel. He was diagnosed as suffering from nephritis and a strike left him partially paralyzed ten days before he passed away.
\
Anonymous (1996). Brunel, Isambard Kingdom. Biographical dictionary of the history of technology: 107-109, L. Day, I. McNeil, eds. Routledge: London.
Burton, A. (1994). The rise and fall of British shipbuilding. Constable: London. P
Chew, K., Wilson, A. (1993). Victorian science and engineering. Science Museum: London. P
Derry, T.K. (1975). Brunel, Isambard Kingdom. Scienziati e tecnologi 1: 232-234. Mondadori: Milano. P
Walker, D. (1987). The great engineers: The art of British engineers 1837-1987. Academy Editions: London. P

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brunel — can mean:* Isambard Kingdom Brunel, famed British engineer * Marc Isambard Brunel, engineer and father of Isambard Kingdom Brunel * Brunel Bridge, designed by Brunel * Brunel Museum in London, UK * Brunel University in UK * Shlomo Ben Avraham Ole …   Wikipedia

  • Brunel — bezeichnet: die Brunel Universität, eine staatliche Universität in England Brunel GmbH, ein Unternehmen für Ingenieurdienstleistung in Bremen Brunel ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adrian Brunel (1892–1958), britischer Filmregisseur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • brunel — BRUNÉL s.n. (înv.) Stofă de lână de culoare închisă, din care se confecţionează încălţăminte. – Din germ. Brunelle. Trimis de valeriu, 21.03.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  brunél s. n., pl. brunéluri Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar… …   Dicționar Român

  • Brunel — (spr. Brünel), Marc Isambert, geb. 1769 in Jacqueville bei Andelys, nahm 1786–92 Dienste bei der französischen Marine, ging 1793 in Folge der Revolution nach NAmerika, wo ihm in New York die Leitung einer Kanonengießerei u. die Befestigung des… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Brunel — (spr. brūnell), 1) Marc Isambard, Ingenieur, geb. 25. April 1769 zu Hacqueville im Depart. Eure, gest. 12. Dez. 1849 in London, diente 1786–1792 in der französischen Marine, ging 1793 nach New York, erbaute das Parktheater und leitete eine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Brunel — (spr. Brünell), Isambard Kingdom, Sohn des berühmten Technikers Sir Marc Isambard B., geb. 1806 in Portsmouth, unterstützte seinen Vater seit 1826 am Bau des Themsetunnels u. wurde 1833 Ingenieur der Great Western Bahn, deren Tunnels, Brücken u.a …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Brunel — (spr. brünnéll), Sir Marc Isambard, Ingenieur, geb. 25. April 1769 zu Hacqueville im franz. Dep. Eure, war 1786 93 bei der franz. Marine, ging dann nach Neuyork; seit 1799 zu London, baute (1825 42) den Themsetunnel; gest. 12. Dez. 1849. – Sein… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Brunel — Brunel, Isambard Kingdom, wurde am 9. April 1806 zu Portsmouth geboren. Seine Bildung erhielt er am Collège zu Caen. 1826 kehrte er nach England zurück, wo sein Vater eben beschäftigt war, den Themsetunnel zu bauen. B. fand dabei Verwendung.… …   Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens

  • Brunel — (Brünell), Sir Marc Isambert, geb. 1769 zu Hacqueville in Frankreich, war zuerst zum Priesterstand bestimmt, trat aber 1786 in die franz. Marine, wanderte 1793 nach Nordamerika aus, studirte in New York mit Eifer Mechanik u. die damit verwandten… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Brunel — Brunel, Marc Isambard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brunel — [bro͞o nel′, broonel] Sir Marc Isambard [iz′əm bärd΄] 1769 1849; Eng. engineer, born in France …   English World dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.