15.5.1803 Addiscombe/UK - 25.7.1899 Dorking/UK
Sir General Arthur T. Cotton was a distinguished representative of the Madras Engineers. He arrived there in 1821. All his soldering was done in 1824 as a subaltern in the first Burmese War. Later he was posted to the Public Works Department and in 1828 he was appointed to the separate charge of the great irrigation works on the River Cauvery. This scheme was endangered by river waters to flow down the Coleroon, deserting the branch and its dependent irrigation channels. Cotton prepared in 1835 a scheme consisting of two dams. In 1845, a project was presented to the Government of Madras for an immense dam across the Godaveri River, whose width is there 5 km. After five years, works were completed and proved successful. The district, formerly a state of extreme poverty, was then the most prosperous in India.
Cotton was promoted lieutenant-colonel in 1850 and colonel in 1854. From 1858, he was the chief engineer of India and the adviser of the government on all matters of public works. It was during this time that Cotton heavily criticized the canal works of Proby Cautley (1802-1871) who had designed and executed the Ganges Canal. The dispute was about the point of river fixation, which Cautley had laid at the foot of the Himalaya close to Roorkee, whereas Cotton proposed it further downstream. The almost 1,000 km long canal was an impressive construction of the era, and designed prior to the knowledge on uniform flow and sediment transport formulae. Cotton was probably the first engineer who had an immense impact on the development of irrigation in India during the British rule. He was the first to conceive the large reservoirs and inter-basin transfers through a system of canals as a solution to India's water problems. In 1860, the Queen conferred on him a Knighthood. Later, when back in England, he devoted attention to the form of river steamers and canal boats in terms of resistance. He was promoted to general in 1876. A biography was prepared by his daughter in 1900.
Anonymous (1920). Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas. Who was who 1897-1916: 160. Black: London. Cotton, A.T. (1866). Results of irrigation works in Godaveri District. HMO: London.
Cotton, A.T. (1869). Project for cheap navigation canals. Trans. Indian Engineers 7: 267-273. Cotton, A.T. (1885). Public works in India. Higginbotham: Madras.
Hope, L. (1900). General Sir Arthur Cotton. Hodder&Stoughton: London. P
Kothyari, U.C. (2004). Arthur Cotton K.C.S.I. Personal communication. University: Roorkee. P Ward, B.R. (1909). Sir Arthur Cotton. The school of military engineering 1812-1909: 96-98. Watson, C.M. (1915). General A.T. Cotton. History of Corps of Royal Engineers 3: 243-246.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cotton — Cot ton (k[o^]t t n), n. [F. coton, Sp. algodon the cotton plant and its wool, coton printed cotton, cloth, fr. Ar. qutun, alqutun, cotton wool. Cf. {Acton}, {Hacqueton}.] 1. A soft, downy substance, resembling fine wool, consisting of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cotton — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aimé Cotton (1869–1951), französischer Physiker Annie Cotton (* 1975), kanadische Sängerin und Schauspielerin Antony Cotton (* 1975), britischer Schauspieler Aylett R. Cotton (1826–1912), US amerikanischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cotton On — Group Type Privately owned Industry Fashion Founded Geelong, Australia Headquarters Geelong, Australia Key people Nigel Austin …   Wikipedia

  • COTTON (A. A.) — COTTON AIMÉ AUGUSTE (1869 1951) Né à Bourg en Bresse, élève à l’École normale supérieure de 1890 à 1893, Aimé Auguste Cotton y enseigna de 1900 à 1922, après avoir été professeur à la faculté des sciences de Toulouse de 1895 à 1900. De 1920 à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • COTTON (J.) — COTTON JOHN (1584 1652) Le pasteur puritain qui allait devenir la plus grande figure de «la Plantation du Seigneur» en Nouvelle Angleterre est né en 1584. Le mouvement qui milite pour que l’Église d’Angleterre extirpe d’elle même les «reliques du …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • cotton — [kät′ n] n. [ME cotoun < OFr coton < (? via It cotone) Ar quṭun < ? Egypt] 1. the soft, white seed hairs filling the seedpods of various shrubby plants (genus Gossypium) of the mallow family, originally native to the tropics 2. a plant… …   English World dictionary

  • cotton to — ˈcotton to [transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they cotton to he/she/it cottons to present participle cottoning to past tense cottoned to p …   Useful english dictionary

  • COTTON — COTTON, plant mentioned under the name karpas (derived from the Sanskrit karpasa) in the Book of Esther (1:6) in the description of the magnificent ornamentation of Ahasuerus palace. In the Mishnah cotton is called ẓemer gefen ( vine wool ) as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cotton — Cotton, Robert Bruce * * * (as used in expressions) Cotton Belt Cotton Club Cotton, John Cotton, sir Robert Bruce King Cotton Mather, Cotton …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cotton — Cot ton, v. i. 1. To rise with a regular nap, as cloth does. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] It cottons well; it can not choose but bear A pretty nap. Family of Love. [1913 Webster] 2. To go on prosperously; to succeed. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] New,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cotton — ● cotton nom masculin (de W. Cotton, nom propre) Métier rectiligne qui tricote simultanément plusieurs panneaux avec augmentations et diminutions. Cotton (Aimé) (1869 1951) physicien français, spécialiste d électromagnétisme …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.