HILL


HILL
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29.4.1895 London/UK - 26.12.1955 Belfast/UK
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Even as a boy, Geoffrey Hill's future career was unmistakably marked out. He spent much of his spare time with aircraft models and at the age 17 secured a place for one of them at an exhibition. He was educated at University College, London, from where he graduated in 1914. After having served in the Royal Flying Corps in World War I, he undertook responsibilities in aeronautical research for the Air Ministry. After demobilization Hill pursued his absorbing interest in aeronautics as an experimental engineer and chief test pilot to the Handley Page Ltd. By this time he had acquired a background of knowledge and experience which, coupled with his inventive ability, enabled him to conceive the idea of a tailless aircraft.
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In 1922, Hill was awarded an 1851 Exhibition Senior Studentship, and after two years of research to test the validity of the principles that the two brothers had enunciated, he began the design and construction of the novel aircraft. The work was supported in its early stages by the Aeronautical Research Committee and eventually the machine was further developed with the Westland Aircraft Co when he joined that firm in 1926. It was shown to the public for the first time at the RAF pageant in Hendon and is now in the Science Museum in South Kensington, where it bears witness of the contribution to the aeronautical science by the two brothers. In 1934 Hill returned to his old College as Kennedy professor of engineering, holding this post until 1947 in favor of the aircraft industry as consultant to Short Brothers and Harland Ltd in Belfast. During World War II, he was seconded to the Air Ministry and later the Ministry of Aircraft Production for research work, and as a pioneer in the invention of the isoclinic wing he made valuable contributions in helping to maintain the superiority of the Allies in the air. Hill was elected to fellowship of the Royal Aeronautical Sciences and was awarded the D.Sc. title in engineering from the University of London.
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Anonymous (1937). Prof. G.T.R. Hill. The Aeroplane 52(1): 58. P
Anonymous (1956). Prof. Hill, Fellow. Journal Royal Aeronautical Society 60(3): 147-150. P
Barlow, H.M. (1956). Prof. G.T.R. Hill. Nature 177(4501): 211.
Hill, G.T.R. (1948). The nature of the distortion of swept-back wings. Journal of the Royal Aeronautical Society 52: 186-190. http://www.century-of-flight.net/ http://72.14.221.104/search?q=cache:EpG7GLHsERAJ:www.century-of-flight.net/ Aviation%2520history/flying%2520wings/europe_interwar.htm+GTR+hill+aerodynamics+RAF&hl=de&gl=ch&ct=clnk&cd=1

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

Synonyms:
(less than a mountain), , ,


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  • Hill — (engl. für ‚Hügel‘, aber auch mittelhochdeutsch ‚Heimstätte‘) bezeichnet geografische Objekte: Hill (Bach), einen Grenzbach im Hohen Venn Hill (Gloucestershire), Vereinigtes Königreich Hill (Warwickshire), Vereinigtes Königreich Hill (West… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hill — W2S2 [hıl] n [: Old English; Origin: hyll] 1.) an area of land that is higher than the land around it, like a mountain but smaller →↑uphill, downhill ↑downhill ▪ Their house is on a hill overlooking the sea. ▪ the top of Sidbury Hill ▪ A cart was …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • HILL (D. O.) — HILL DAVID OCTAVIUS (1802 1870) Peintre de paysages à l’origine, David Octavius Hill est surtout connu pour son œuvre de photographe, qu’il entreprit en collaboration avec le calotypiste Robert Adamson (1821 1848). Originaire de Perth, en Écosse …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • hill — [ hıl ] noun count *** 1. ) an area of land that is higher than the land surrounding it but smaller and lower than a mountain: a valley surrounded by wooded hills the Pentland Hills an area popular with hill walkers the top/bottom of a hill: They …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Hill — Hill, n. [OE. hil, hul, AS. hyll; akin to OD. hille, hil, L. collis, and prob. to E. haulm, holm, and column. Cf. 2d {Holm}.] 1. A natural elevation of land, or a mass of earth rising above the common level of the surrounding land; an eminence… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • HILL (G.) — HILL GARY (1951 ) Gary Hill est sans aucun doute l’un des vidéastes les plus importants de sa génération; la quantité autant que la qualité de ses œuvres servies par une inventivité technologique hors pair l’ont vite placé au rang des artistes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • hill — O.E. hyll hill, from P.Gmc. *hulni (Cf. M.Du. hille, Low Ger. hull hill, O.N. hallr stone, Goth. hallus rock, O.N. holmr islet in a bay, O.E. holm rising land, island ), from PIE root *kel …   Etymology dictionary

  • hill — [hil] n. [ME < OE hyll, akin to MDu hille < IE base * kel , to project, rise high > L collis, hill, Gr kolophōn, peak] 1. a natural raised part of the earth s surface, often rounded and smaller than a mountain 2. a small pile, heap, or… …   English World dictionary

  • Hill — Hill, Archibald V. Hill, Rowland * * * (as used in expressions) Bunker Hill, batalla de Shirley Anita St. Hill Hill, David Octavius y Robert Adamson Hill, James J(erome) Hill, Joe …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hill 55 — was a hill in Vietnam that was used during the Vietnam war as a base of operations for the United States Marine Corps. It has been described as the most notorious area in ICorps. [ [http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/usmchist/vietnam.txt] 1st… …   Wikipedia

  • HILL (D.) — HILL DAMON (1960 ) Fils de Graham Hill, qui ne lui montra guère d’affection dans son enfance, Damon Hill est un pilote au talent souvent sous estimé. En 1993, il dispute le Championnat du monde de formule 1, sur Williams Renault, dans l’ombre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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