JERMAR
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28.5.1891 Stahlavy/CR - 3.3.1971 Praha/CR
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Frantisek Jermar graduated from the Prague Czech University of Technology CVUT in 1913. From 1914 he worked as a designer of steel bridges and hydraulic structures in Kiev, today in Ukraine. In the academic year 1918/19 he was a Lecturer at the Kiev Polytechnic School. From 1919 to 1922 Jermar was a designer at the Akmos Moravian-Silesian Ironworks in Privoz, now a part of Ostrova. From 1922 to 1938 he was a water management expert at the Agricultural and Technical Building Authority in Opava, and then in Zlin until the end of World War II. In parallel, Jermar lectured from 1923 to 1939 at the Czech Technical University in Prague, where he submitted also a PhD thesis in 1929. He was appointed full professor of hydraulic structures at this institution with retroactive effect as of 1940 in 1945. From 1955 he was a Corresponding Member of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences and there was vice-chairman of the Water Resources Committee. In addition he received a number of State Prizes and Honors.
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Jermar was involved in water management and hydraulic engineering, particularly the regulation of water courses and hydraulic structures. Locks on the various Czech rivers were of particular interest in his career. He obtained more than forty patents in his country and abroad relating to steel weir structures and ship lifts in particular. He was an expert in weir and gate design and was particularly inventive in the design of hydrostatic and automated gate structures. In the early 1950s he presented various papers on these topics in the Czech engineering journals and in 1954 a book on how rivers may be made navigable. This issue is of relevance to a country having no direct access to the sea.
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Anonymous (2000). Jermar, Frantisek. Short notes on Czech hydraulicians. Jermar, F. (1949). Hydrostatic oscillating flashboards. SNTL: Prague (in Czech). Jermar, F. (1951). Economy with bear trap gates. SNTL: Prague (in Czech). Jermar, F. (1952). Weirs. Prague (in Czech).
Jermar, F. (1954). Making rivers, canals and waterways navigable. SNTL: Prague (in Czech). Jermar, F. (1956). Bear trap and automatic spillway gates with equilibrium. SNTL: Prague (in Czech).
Jezdik, S. (1961). Sedmdesatiny Prof. inz.dr. Frantiska Jermare. Vodni Hospodarstvi 11(8): 340-341.
Novak, P. (2004). Frantisek Jermar. Personal communication. P

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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