PARSONS


PARSONS
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13.6.1854 London/UK - 11.2.1931 Kingston/JM
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Charles Algernon Parsons graduated in 1876 as a mathematician from Cambridge University. After having served an apprenticeship for three years, he joined a firm in Leeds and in 1883 became a partner of a firm in Gateshead-on-Tyne. In 1893 Parsons turned his attention to the development of the marine turbine and the experimental vessel Turbinia was launched in 1894. The Turbinia was only 30 m long with a beam of 3 m and a draught of 1 m developing 2,000 HP with three turbines and a speed of over 40 knots; she was the fastest vessel afloat. The turbine was introduced in the Navy in 1902 and the first vessels for transatlantic service were used from 1904. Later, the two express Cunarders Mauretania and Lusitania demonstrated a splendid performance of these famous vessels. Parsons was an Honorary Vice-president of the Institution of Naval Architects from 1899, a Fellow of the Royal Society from 1898; he received the Kelvin Medal in 1926 and he was created a Member of the Order of Merit in 1927. Parsons passed away during a sea trip to Jamaica.
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From 1883 Parsons commenced experiments with the steam turbine which destined to place him among the foremost inventors of all times. The initial experiments gave encouraging results, but the engines were somewhat wasteful of steam. Further research led to the elimination of this defect and an efficient engine showing economy of steam consumption was produced. The first steam turbine was of about 10 HP only and ran at 18,000 rpm. Size and efficiency were rapidly increased and turbines soon became used in considerable numbers for electric power generation. In 1889 Parsons founded his own turbine and dynamo works in Heaton, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. The dissolution of the partnership deprived him of his patent rights, but he continued for five years a series of experiments to produce a radial flow turbine, although recognizing that his original invention based on a parallel flow system, was preferable. Several improvements were made so that when the patent rights were recovered in 1894 a great advance resulted.
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Anonymous (1931). Sir Charles Algernon Parsons. Trans. Society Naval Architects and Marine Engineers 39: 409-413.
Anonymous (1931). The Hon. Sir Parsons. Trans. Institution Naval Architects 78: 340-344. P Anonymous (1932). Hon. Sir Parsons. Minutes Proc. Institution Civil Engineers 232: 451-454. Appleyard, C. (1933). Charles Parsons: His life and work. Constable: London. P
Parsons, C.A. (1906). The steam-turbine. Minutes Institution of Civil Engineers 163: 167-239. Parsons, G.L., ed. (1934). Scientific papers and addresses of Parsons. University: Cambridge.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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  • Parsons — Parsons, KS U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 11514 Housing Units (2000): 5359 Land area (2000): 10.361710 sq. miles (26.836705 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.361710 sq. miles (26.836705 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Parsons —   [ pɑːsnz],    1) Sir Charles Algernon, britischer Ingenieur, * London 13. 6. 1854, ✝ auf einer Reise nach den Westindischen Inseln 11. 2. 1931; erfand die mehrstufige Überdruck Dampfturbine (Parsonsturbine, 1884 gebaut, 4 kW), bei der das… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Parsons — Parsons, Talcott Parsons, sir Charles Algernon * * * (as used in expressions) Burkitt, Denis P(arsons) Parsons, Elsie Clews Parsons, Sir Charles Algernon Parsons, Talcott Rosse, William Parsons, 3 conde de …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Parsons, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 11514 Housing Units (2000): 5359 Land area (2000): 10.361710 sq. miles (26.836705 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.361710 sq. miles (26.836705 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Parsons, TN — U.S. city in Tennessee Population (2000): 2452 Housing Units (2000): 1205 Land area (2000): 3.908635 sq. miles (10.123319 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.908635 sq. miles (10.123319 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Parsons, WV — U.S. city in West Virginia Population (2000): 1463 Housing Units (2000): 731 Land area (2000): 1.097920 sq. miles (2.843599 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.106064 sq. miles (0.274704 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.203984 sq. miles (3.118303 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Parsons [1] — Parsons (spr. parß ns), Stadt im nordamerikan. Staate Kansas, Grafschaft Labette, nahe dem Zusammenfluß des Big und Little Labette, Bahnknotenpunkt, mit Kohlengruben, großen Eisenbahn und Maschinenwerkstätten, Getreidehandel und (1900) 7682 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Parsons [2] — Parsons, William, Astronom, s. Rosse …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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