GABRIELLI

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26.2.1903 Caltanissetta/I - 29.11.1987 Torino/I
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Giuseppe Gabrielli graduated from the University of Turin as a mechanical engineer. He then joined the FIAT enterprise in 1931 to develop into an expert in aerodynamics. A number of FIAT airplanes both for public and military purposes were his design. Gabrielli kept 25 patents under his name and was one of the foremost Italian aerodynamicists in the middle of the 20th century. He was appointed in the 1940s professor of applied aerodynamics at Turin University. He served also in the NATO Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development AGARD executive committee. Further, he was a Member of the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche CNR and thus responsible for the sponsoring of Italian research in aerodynamics. Gabrielli was in addition a Member of the Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences, New York; and he was a Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society, London.
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Gabrielli was both an engineer and a scientist in aerodynamics. He was responsible for a number of designs with FIAT, such as the famous interceptor FIAT G 91, one of the best airplanes in World War II. The letter G thereby stands for Gabrielli. He asked in collaboration with Theodor von Karman (1881-1963) also what should be the price for speed in aerodynamics. This question was maybe not so much investigated with the Concorde passenger airplane, one of the few designs that involved supersonic speed at a extremely high price. A review of Gabrielli's legacy was published in 1982 by Gianni Agnelli from the Agnelli family directing the FIAT works in Turin. He highlights the close relation between science and development in aerodynamics and in particular the close relation between FIAT and the Torino University.
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Agnelli, G. (1982). Una vita per l'aviazione: Giuseppe Gabrielli. Bompiani: Milano. Anonymous (1961). Giuseppe Gabrielli. Chi è 6: 301. Dizionario biografico degli Italiani: Roma.
Anonymous (1987). Giuseppe Gabrielli. Jahrbuch DGLR (2): 984-986.
Anonymous (1989). Gabrielli. Rendiconti Istituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere 123: 75-85. P Anonymous (1993). Giuseppe Gabrielli. Enciclopedia italiana Supp. 5, 2: 353. Roma. P Anonymous (1993). Convegno di studio in memoria del prof. Giuseppe Gabrielli. Accademia delle Scienze: Torino. P?
Gabrielli, G. (1938). Riflessi construttivi della velocità in aviazione. L'Ingegnere 12: 839-849. Gabrielli, G., Karman, T. von (1950). What price speed? Mechanical Engineering 72: 775-781. Gabrielli, G. (1954). Die Artbestimmung der Drehflügler. Inter-Avia 9(1): 19-20. P
Gabrielli, G. (1968). Scienza del progetto degli aeromobili. Levrotto & Bella: Torino.

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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