22.4.1899 Zosimovka/RU - 8.7.1963 Leningrad/RU
Vitaly Nikolaevich Goncharov started studies at the Warsaw Polytechnic to graduate at the Polytechnic of Novocherkassk in 1922. Until 1928 Goncharov added to the navigability of Don River and was in parallel till 1931 at the Novocherkassk Engineering Melioration Institute. He was appointed professor of hydraulic engineering at the Central Institute of Aero-Hydromechanics TsAGI in 1930 and moved in 1933 in this position to the VNIIG Hydraulics Laboratory, Leningrad to stay there until 1942. From 1942 to 1944 Goncharov was a professor at Tbilisi Polytechnic Institute, Georgia. After World War II he returned to Leningrad to chair its Electrotechnical Institute LETI and then directed the chair of hydraulic researches at the Leningrad Hydro-meteorological Institute until his death. In parallel he headed the Leningrad Water Transport Institute LIVT from 1956 to 1958.
Goncharov was mainly involved in river engineering projects, such as the Don River already mentioned, but also the Lower Terek River power plant. Terek River rises in northern Georgia and flows north east through today's Russia to empty into the Caspian Sea. It is one of the main streams draining northward the Caucasian mountain system. He also improved the navigation conditions of River Kuban located in southwestern Russia, rising from Mount Elbrus in the Caucasus reaching the Stavropol Uplands through many gorges to enter the Sea of Azov. Today, much of its water is diverted for irrigation. These designs were checked in laboratory models of VNIIG where he also proposed general relations for the morphological conditions of rivers. Goncharov thus was an engineer mainly working with rivers both in terms of river constructions as also in river engineering. He investigated the sediment transport of typical mountain rivers for turbulent flow conditions and proposed formulae for the entrainment law of sediment transport. His proposals are applied until today.
Anonymous (2000). Vitaly Nikolaevich Goncharov. Izvestiya VNIIG 236: 10-11. P
Goncharov, V.N. (1931). Filtration losses from a channel and their theoretical consideration. Gidrotekhnicheskoe Stroitel'stvo 1(9): 9-12 (in Russian).
Goncharov, V.N. (1935). Flow around a cube fixed to bottom of flume. Izvestiya VNIIG 17: 112. Goncharov, V.N. (1938). Sediment movement in uniform torrents. Hydrometizdat: Leningrad.
Goncharov, V.N. (1957). The dynamics of river bed flows. Gidrometeoizdat: Moscow (in Russian).
Melua, A.I. (2001). Goncharov, V.N. Energetics of Russia: 99. Humanistica: Moscow (in Russian). P

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

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  • Goncharov — Gontscharow (in englischer Transkription Goncharov) ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexander Goncharov, US amerikanisch ukrainischer Mathematiker Iwan Alexandrowitsch Gontscharow (1812–1891), russischer Schriftsteller Waleri Gontscharow …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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